Page 1 of 2 12 LastLast
Results 1 to 10 of 16
  1. #1
    Geoffers
    Guest

    Default South Erpingham, muster + valuation 1522

    Part 1 of a multi-part posting

    The Muster and Valuation for the Hundred of South Erpingham 1522 is held in The National Archives at Kew (document reference E101/61/16). The document is in excellent condition and records 1,460 people, who are listed on the Norfolk Transcription Archive.

    https://www.genealogy.doun.org/transcriptions/index.php

    By way of comparison, the Michaelmas 1664 Hearth Tax Returns only record 1,028 people in the same area.

    However, finding a name and valuation alone may not mean a great deal, so what follows is a brief explanation and analysis.

    The valuation mostly assesses wealth by 'Land', 'Goods and Cattle' and 'Movables'. The minimum assessment for land being One Pound and that for goods and cattle, and movables being Three Pounds.

    In subsequent subsidies, the tax paid on these valuations was four shillings in the Pound for land and two shillings and eight pence in the Pound for goods and cattle.

    Those who were poor and held less than the minimum taxable amount are recorded as 'nihil' (nothing).

    The survey shows many as being assessed in both land and either movables, or goods and cattle. When it came to paying the subsidy, tax was only paid on whichever brought the greatest revenue to the Crown.

    The assessment of land was on its income, rather than capital value. The assessment on goods and cattle, movables etc was on the capital value.

    A thorough explanation of the taxation system can be found in Richard Hoyle's guide "Tudor Taxation Records - A guide for users" ISBN 1 873162 11 1.

    Other books dealing with the subject include,
    "Tudor and Stuart Norwich" by John Pound, ISBN 0 85033 657 0
    "The development of Agrarian Capitalism, Land and Labour in Norfolk 1440-1580" by Jane Whittle, ISBN 0 19 820842 1.

  2. #2
    Geoffers
    Guest

    Default

    Part 2

    Analysis of entries:
    The numbers assessed in various bands indicate the percentages who were poor, rich and those inbetween.

    Land
    56.5% (261) were assessed at less than 1 Pd
    30.3% (140) were assessed between 1 and 3 Pds
    7.1% (33) were assessed between 3 and 10 Pds
    6.0% (28) were assessed over 10 Pds

    Goods and Cattle, and Movables
    54.9% (492) were assessed at less than 3 Pds
    29.5% (265) were assessed between 3 and 10 Pds
    7.5% (67) were assessed between 10 and 15 Pds
    8.1% (73) were assessed over 15 Pds.


  3. #3
    Geoffers
    Guest

    Default

    Richest 25 individuals assessed in land

    Sir Thomas BOLAYN, at Blickling, Wickmere and Calthorpe, 68Pds
    Lord MORLEY, at Buxton, 52Pds
    Sir Philip CALTHORP, at Erpingham and Calthorpe, 41Pds
    John BRAMPTON, at Brampton, 40Pds
    Duke of Suffolk, at Cawston, 40Pds
    John THETFORD, at Hevingham, 35Pds
    Sextayn of Bury, at Aylsham, 26Pds 13s 4d
    John HEYDON, at Thwaite, 24Pds
    William BOTRY, at Burgh, 21Pds
    Sir Humfrey GREY, at Saxthorpe, 21Pds
    Robt HOWARD, at Booton, 20Pds
    Bishop of Norwich, at Marsham and Hevingham, 20Pds
    William WALISH, at Colby, 16Pds 13s 4d
    Robt NORGATE, at Aylsham, 14Pds
    Edmond WITH, at Aylsham, 13Pds 6s 8d
    Robt LUCY, at Belaugh, 13Pds 6s 8d
    John BETTES, at Irmingland, 13Pds 6s 8d
    Margery LUMPNOR, at Mannington, 13Pds 6s 8d
    John STUBBES, at Scottow, 13Pds 6s 8d
    Thomas ABBES senior, at Buxton, 12Pds
    Willam BUSHOP, at Marsham, 10Pds 13s 4d
    Richard CROPPE, at Aylsham, 10Pds
    Sir (.) GARNISHE, at Baconsthorpe, 10Pds
    John HORSMAN, at Booton, 10Pds
    Sir Frannceys CALTHORP, at Lammas, 10Pds

  4. #4
    Geoffers
    Guest

    Default

    Richest 25 individuals in goods and cattle/movables
    John HEYDON, at Thwaite, 200Pds
    John BRAMPTON, at Brampton, 140Pds
    Simond SKOTTOW, at Swanton, 133Pds 6s 8d
    Robt HARWARD, at Booton, 100Pds
    Thomas RAYNES, at Hevingham, 100Pds
    John JAMES, at Aylsham, 80Pds
    Robt NORGATE, at Aylsham, 80Pds
    Richard CROPPE, at Aylsham, 70Pds
    Willam BUSHOP, at Marsham, 66Pds 13s 4d
    Edward RUMPE, at Oulton, 66Pds 13s 4d
    Edmond WITHE, at Aylsham, 66Pds 13s 4d
    Thomas HILL, at Aylsham, 62Pds
    Thomas ABBES senior, at Buxton, 60Pds
    John STUBBES, at Scottow, 56Pds 11s
    Henry BAN, at Aylsham, 50Pds
    John PURRY, at Aylsham, 50Pds
    John BENYNGTON, at Aylsham, 40 Pds
    Audry STUBBES, at Buxton, 40Pds
    Raaf BAYSPOLE, at Coltishall, 40Pds
    Ric HALLE, at Hautbois Magna, 40Pds
    John MORTOFTE, at Itteringham, 40Pds
    Margery LUMPNOR, at Mannington, 40Pds
    Thomas SMYTH, at Saxthorpe, 40Pds
    John CROME, at Swanton, 40Pds
    John SKOTTOW, at Stratton, 35Pds

  5. #5
    Geoffers
    Guest

    Default

    Population figures
    This shows the relative size of the most populous parishes. If each person assessed represents a family and Buxton is believed to have had a population of about 280, a very rough guess at total population of each place may found by multiplying the below figures by 5.5.

    Aylsham assessment lists 265 people
    Cawston, 110
    Marsham, 64
    Swanton Abbott, 55
    Saxthorpe, 53
    Buxton, 52
    Blickling, 50
    Heydon, 50
    Scottow, 49
    Hevingham, 38
    Banningham, 36
    Burgh-next-Aylsham, 34
    Stratton Strawless, 34
    Coltishall, 33
    Colby, 31

  6. #6
    Geoffers
    Guest

    Default

    and finally...........

    10 richest parishes overall
    Aylsham 1,525Pds 18s 6d
    Buxton, 306Pds 6s
    Hevingham 299Pds 10s
    Cawston, 295Pds 1s
    Swanton Abbott, 286Pds 13s 4d
    Marsham, 266Pds 14s 4d
    Thwaite, 262Pds 6s 4d
    Scottow, 238Pds 4s 8d
    Booton, 214Pds 1s
    Brampton, 197Pds 7s 4d

    My analysis the document does go into greater detail and covers all parisehs in the Hundred of South Erpingham. If you are interested in this part of Norfolk and wish for further information, please feel free to ask

    Geoffers
    Charlbury, Oxfordshire

  7. #7
    Super Moderator - Completely bonkers and will never change.
    Join Date
    Oct 2004
    Location
    England
    Posts
    7,809

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by Geoffers
    [font=Maiandra GD]Part 1 of a multi-part posting

    The Muster and Valuation for the Hundred of South Erpingham 1522 is held in The National Archives at Kew (document reference E101/61/16). The document is in excellent condition and records 1,460 people, who are listed on the Norfolk Transcription Archive.
    Hi Geoffers

    I wonder how many years it'll take before I'm far enough back to start looking at these sort of documents?
    Do they name the general 'ag lab' type anywhere or is it just those with land, goods/cattle and movables?
    And what sort of stuff are 'goods' and 'movables'?

    (I do think movables is a great word. 'I'm sorry, I won't be at work today - I'm having an attack of the movables'. )

    Pam Downes

  8. #8
    Geoffers
    Guest

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by Pam Downes
    I wonder how many years it'll take before I'm far enough back to start looking at these sort of documents? Do they name the general 'ag lab' type anywhere or is it just those with land, goods/cattle and movables?
    And what sort of stuff are 'goods' and 'movables'?
    Sorry, I can't answer the first question. Those named depends to an extent on the area and year, some are more complete than others, some have not survived.

    However, the 1522 valuation (and the resulting subsidy) intended to replace the tenths and fifteenths form of taxation and being 'new' was more complete. So this valuation for South Erpingham does show all families from rich to poor, which makes it particularly valuable to those interested in history. You'll find the very rich, those who were well off famers and tradesmen, poorer farmers and workers and those who were destitute.

    Goods and movables are defined in a statute of 1523 as either being coin, or wheat

    "any such person hath of his own plate, stock of merchandise, all manner of corns and blades severed from the ground, household stuff and all other goods and chattels moveable as well within this realm as without, and of all such sums of money that to him is owing, whereof he trusteth in his conscience surely to be paid," an exception was made of "such sums of money as he oweth and in his conscience surely to pay and except also apparell of all persns belonging to their bodies, saving jewels of gold."

    Geoffers
    Charlbury, Oxfordshire

  9. #9
    Geoffers
    Guest

    Default

    Part 1 of 3......

    Further to my last reply and as a way of illustrating the coverage of the valuation, I've transcribed below the valuation for a typical small parish, Hautbois Magna:
    Sir Nicolas BLAKE parson ther sworn & exmined saith & deposith that the yerly value of the bnfice is .... viii li
    In goods & catalles charged in Tunsted Hundred
    The Lord Dacre of the South is lord there and not inhabited within the said county of Norfolk

    Thomas FELMYNGHAM in landes be yer xlvi s viii d (46s 8d)
    In goodes and catalles vi li (6Pds)

    John PASTON in lands yerly xx s (20s)
    In goods and catalles xii li (12Pds)

    Robt BURMAN in land yerly xxvi s viii d (26s 8d)
    In goods and catalles x li (10Pds)

    Ric HALLE in lands be yer xxvi s viii d (26s 8d)
    In goods and catalls xl li (40Pds)

    Edmnd LYNCOLNE in lands yerly xxvi s viii d (26s 8d)
    In godes and catalls xx li (20Pds)

    Willam NEWMAN in land yerly xx vi s viii d (26s 8d)
    In goodes and catalls viii li (8Pds)

    Willam HARMAN in lands yerly iii s iiii d (3s 4d)
    In godes & catalls xx s (20s)

    continued.....
    Last edited by Geoffers; 06-12-2004 at 9:19 AM. Reason: duplicate text

  10. #10
    Geoffers
    Guest

    Default

    Part 2 of 3.....

    Willam HYGHAM in goods & catall xl s (40s)
    Robt WEBSTER in godes and catalles xl s (40s)
    Robt FOSTER in godes & catalles xl s (40s)
    Henry HALLE in godes & catalles iii li (4Pds)
    John KEMPE in goods & Catalls xx s (20 s)
    Thomas POTTER in godes & catalles xxvi s viii d (26s 8d)
    Robt WALSH in godes & catall iiii mrk (4 marks = 2Pds 13s 4d)
    Thomas HALLE xxvi s viii d in godes & cat. (26s 8d)

    Nicolas BROND - nl
    Thoms ROPPYS - nl
    Willm THYRNE - nl

    Thomas WALLOR - nl in bovis
    Ric WOODE - nl in bovis

    The Church Stok - nl

    continued......

Page 1 of 2 12 LastLast

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •  
Select a file: